MAPS - Multisport Against Physical Sedentary
Center for Technology and Society acts as cooperating partner in MAPS.
- CSI-Centro Sportivo Italiano (coordinator), Italy;
- Center for Technology and Society, Technische Universität Berlin (TUB), Germany;
- The Northern Greece Physical Education Teachers’ Association (E.G.V.E.), Greece;
- Rijeka disability sports association, Croatia;
- Hearts for Sports, The Netherlands;
- Wyzsza Szkola Biznesu i Nauk o Zdrowiu (WSBINOZ), Poland;
- The Innovation and Development Institute Principe Real, Portugal;
- Dogansehir Genclik Hizmetleri Ve Spor Ilce Mudurlugu, Turkey.
Every year, more than two million deaths are attributable to the reduction and, even more frequently, absence of physical activity worldwide. Sedentary behavior refers to activities that do not involve participation in physical activity.
Scientifically, sedentary behavior is considerate a concrete and independent risk factor for at least 35 chronic health conditions. Displacing the physical activity, it can cause many problems and pathologies from adolescence to early adulthood. A direct consequence of a sedentary behavior among youngsters is the phenomena of obesity that often impairs health.
According to all these reasons, it is possible to confirm that physical activity is one of the most effective methods to keep in shape body and mind, avoid overweight and obesity and prevent related diseases. In addition, participation in physical activity and sport is in correlated with other factors, such as social interaction and social inclusion. The many benefits of physical activity and physical exercises in life are well documented and, more in general, contribute to life’s quality, as confirmed by World Health Organization (WHO). Researchers confirm the role that sport and physical activity have in development of children and adolescents and the coherence with levels of physical activity practiced in adulthood.
The project aims to create a European multisport methodology against obesity, sedentary lifestyles and dropout among youngsters aged between 9 and 12.
The methodology will include training modules for local trainers and coaches and multisport activities aimed at boys and girls, guided by the previously trained sports experts. These project objectives correspond to the specific objectives pursued by the Erasmus + Programme in the field of sport, in particular to promote the awareness of health-enhancing physical activity, through increased participation in and equal access to sport for all, innovative synergies between the fields of health, education, training and youth, better participation of sport organizations and other relevant organizations from various Programme Countries.
Project Description of the Work Package led by TUB
The link between the overall subject of MAPS and the study conducted in this work package is made by physical activity, namely walking and biking. MAPS tries to find way for promotion of physical activity by encouraging children to do multisports, while the proposed study seeks ways for promoting physical activity by passive factors like urban travel habits and urban structure. The two approaches take direct/indirect or active/passive methods that are expected to provide outcomes that are both in line with the general vision of the project.
The work package of ZTG focuses on the correlations between what is called “obesogenic urban form” (urban form which is highly car-oriented) and BMI and obesity of children of between 9 and 12 years of age. The geographical context covers European cities, represented by 6 pilot cities which cover a wide range of geographical and cultural European contexts from north to south of the continent. This will help understand different mobility behavior of children in different cultures and explore their differences.
The following questions are to be answered:
- Is there a significant correlation between the urban form characteristics including density, walkability, etc. around schools and obesity and BMI of children between 9 and 12 in the European context?
- To what extent does the urban travel behavior of parents affect children’s transportation to school?
- Are there differences in walking behavior of children to school in different European cities?
- Which change in what specifications of the built environment and parents’ urban travel habits can lead to higher physical activity of school children in form of more walking and biking?
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